YORKSHIRE

INTRODUCTION

Yorkshire is the UK’S largest county, with a diverse environment that is home to more than 5 million people. The epithet may be disputed around the world, but to those who live here it is little wonder it is often branded ‘God’s own county’, or ‘God’s own country’.

Its symbol, the white rose, is internationally recognised, though less so is Yorkshire Day of August 1, chosen to mark the bravery of the King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry at the Battle of Minden on August 1, 1759.

The Yorkshire Party has prepared this section from independent sources to inform and interest members, potential members and those who just want to know more about our wonderful land.

 

The famous Ribblehead Viaduct, North Yorkshire

The Yorkshire Party gratefully acknowledges the co-operation of the Yorkshire Enterprise Network in quoting from its website. The Network’s aim is to facilitate relationships for businesses and organisations, empowering them to grow for the economic benefits of the region. The use of its material does not signify any support for the Yorkshire Party or any of its policies.

Attempts have been made to identify any significant passages quoted from other websites

 

HISTORY

The history of Yorkshire is one of the richest of any English county, centred on the county town of York.

The region was first occupied after the retreat of the ice age about 8000 BC.

During the first millennium AD it was occupied by many different factions including the Romans, Angles and Vikings.

The name comes from “Eborakon” (c.150) an old Brythonic name that probably derives from “Efor” or “the place of the yew-trees”. Many Yorkshire dialect words and aspects of pronunciation derive from old Norse because of the Viking influence in this region. The name “Yorkshire” first appeared in writing in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in 1065. It was originally composed of three sections called Thrydings, subsequently referred to as Ridings.

Following the Norman Conquest of England in 1066, Yorkshire was subject to the punitive harrying of the North, which caused great hardship.

The area proved to be notable for uprisings and rebellions through to the Tudor period.

During the industrial revolution, the West Riding became the second most important manufacturing area in the United Kingdom, while the predominant industries of the East and North Ridings remained fishing and agriculture.

In modern times, the Yorkshire economy suffered from a decline in manufacturing, which affected its traditional coal, steel, wool and shipping industries.

Full history through-the-ages at: https://www.yorkshirenetwork.co.uk/yorkshire/history-of-yorkshire/

 

GEOGRAPHY

According to a Wikipedia entry: Historically, Yorkshire’s northern boundary was the River Tees, the eastern boundary was the North Sea coast and the southern boundary was the Humber Estuary and Rivers Don and Sheaf. The western boundary meandered along the western slopes of the Pennine Hills to again meet the River Tees. It is bordered by County Durham, Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire, Cheshire, Lancashire and Westmorland. 

In Yorkshire there is a very close relationship between the major topographical areas and the geological period in which they were formed. The Pennines are of Carboniferous origin. The central vale is Permo-Triassic. The North York Moors in the north-east of the county are Jurassic in age while the Yorkshire Wolds to the south east are Cretaceous chalk uplands.

The main rivers of Yorkshire

Yorkshire is drained by several rivers. In western and central Yorkshire the many rivers empty their waters into the Ouse, which reaches the North Sea via the Humber Estuary. The most northerly of the rivers in the Ouse system is the Swale, which drains Swaledale before passing through Richmond and meandering across the Vale of Mowbray. Next, draining Wensleydale, is the Ure, which the Swale joins east of Boroughbridge. Near Great Ouseburn the Ure is joined by the small Ouse Gill Beck, and below the confluence the river is known as the Ouse. The River Nidd rises on the edge of the Yorkshire Dales National Park and flows along Nidderdale before reaching the Vale of York and the Ouse. The Wharfe, which drains Wharfedale, joins the Ouse upstream of Cawood. The Aire and Calder are more southerly contributors to the River Ouse and the most southerly Yorkshire tributary is the Don, which flows northwards to join the main river at Goole. Further north and east, the Derwent rises on the North York Moors, flows south then westwards through the Vale of Pickering then turns south again to drain the eastern part of the Vale of York. It empties into the Ouse at Barmby on the Marsh.

River Hull at Wawne      Picture: Stephen Horncastle

In the far north of the county the River Tees flows eastwards through Teesdale and empties its waters into the North Sea downstream of Middlesbrough. The smaller Esk flows from west to east at the northern foot of the North York Moors to reach the sea at Whitby. To the east of the Yorkshire Wolds the Hull flows southwards to join the Humber Estuary at Kingston upon Hull. The western Pennines are drained by the Ribble which flows westwards, eventually reaching the Irish Sea close to Lytham St Annes.

 

YORKSHIRE FACTS

Population

Yorkshire has a population of 5.3 million people, larger than the population of Scotland. (According to 2011 census data published by the Office for National Statistics). Yorkshire also has a bigger population than many other countries, such as Norway, New Zealand, Uruguay and the Republic of Ireland.

 

The biggest cities by population are: Leeds (780,000), which is the fourth biggest city in the UK; Sheffield (575,000); Bradford (530,000); Wakefield (330,000); and Doncaster (302,000)

Kirkgate Market in Leeds,Yorkshire’s biggest city

Picture: Jungpionier

 

County Size

Yorkshire is the largest county in the UK, spanning 2.9 million acres, larger than Greater London. It is often split geographically, each area being referred to as North, West or the East Riding. More than 80% of Yorkshire is considered ‘urban’.

Airports

Yorkshire is home to two airports that have scheduled commercial airline services, Leeds Bradford International Airport (16th busiest in the UK) and Doncaster Sheffield, formerly Robin Hood, (26th busiest), which served more than 3.2 million and 690,000 passengers respectively in 2014.

Coasts

The eastern border of Yorkshire is its 45 mile long coastline, looking out on to the North Sea. It includes the popular holiday spots of Whitby (the landing spot of Dracula in Bram Stoker’s novel), Bridlington, Scarborough, Robin Hood Bay, Filey and Hornsea. Many have been awarded the Blue Flag label for sustainability.

Whitby Abbey

 

Retail

Sheffield is home to Yorkshire’s largest shopping centre, Meadowhall. With more than 400,000 visitors a week and 139,355m2 of floor space, it ranks as the 10th largest shopping centre in the UK

Industry

Manufacturing accounted for 15.3% of output in 2010, compared with the average of 10.8% for the UK.

Many businesses have also been founded in Yorkshire, such as Morrisons, Marks & Spencer, and Tetley’s Brewery.

Tourism is worth more than £7 billion, which is more than the whole tourism expenditure in Ireland or Denmark, and employs about 250,000 people

 In total, Yorkshire’s economic output was £88 billion, double that of Wales and almost 7% of the UK’s total economic output.

See below for our breakdown of Yorkshire’s biggest economies.

City UK Rank Gross Value Added (GVA) GVA Per Head  
Leeds 4 £20,362,000,000 £26,741  
Sheffield 9 £11,199,000,000 £19,995  
Bradford 13 £8,735,000,000 £16,595  
Wakefield 18 £6,470,000,000 £19,623  
Kingston-upon-Hull 25 £4,869,000,000 £18,902  
York 26 £4,754,000,000 £23,483  

 

National Parks

Yorkshire has two National Parks: the Yorkshire Dales and the North York Moors, covering 1,762km2 and 1436km2 respectively. Together they attract about 20.3 million visitors a year.

Details from: https://www.yorkshirenetwork.co.uk/yorkshire/yorkshire-facts-and-statistics/

North Yorks Moors      Picture: Bernard Lepretre

 

Food

The county’s best-known delicacy, by far, is the Yorkshire pudding, the earliest reference to which was in Hannah Glasse’s Art Of Cookery in 1747.

Wensleydale cheese originates from Yorkshire. The Wensleydale Creamery in Hawes, Wensleydale is the only maker of traditional Yorkshire Wensleydale cheese. In 2013, Yorkshire Wensleydale was granted Protected Geographical Indication status by the European Commission

In 2010, Yorkshire Forced Rhubarb was awarded Protected Designation of Origin status by the European Commission.

Parkin, the a gingerbread cake made with oatmeal and black treacle, originated in northern England and is often associated with Yorkshire, particularly the Leeds area.

The Tan Hill Inn, in Swaledale is said to be Britain’s highest pub at 1,732ft above sea level.

The Aakash restaurant, Cleckheaton claims to be the largest Indian restaurant in the world.

There are six Michelin Star restaurants in Yorkshire, more than any other region in England, outside of London: The Box Tree, IlkleyYorke Arms, Ramsgill near Harrogate; The Pipe and Glass, South Dalton; The Black Swan at Oldstead; The Star Inn at Harome; The Man Behind the Curtain, Leeds.

Yorke Arms at Ramsgill

Details at https://www.yorkshire.com/inspiration/food-and-drink/michelin-star-experience

 

GOVERNMENT

Yorkshire is the largest county in the UK and consists of a diverse mix of urban and rural development with a heritage in agriculture, manufacturing, and mining.

After a long period of  little change, it has been subject to a number of important reforms of local government structures in modern times. The most significant of these was the Local Government Act 1972 and the 1990s UK local government reform.

It currently corresponds to several counties and districts and is mostly contained within the old Yorkshire and the Humber region.

Yorkshire is split into several non-metropolitan counties, each consisting of many towns and cities that  are highly valued within England for their economical and historical significance.

 

These are the 10 largest towns or cities in 2011

In the north: York, Harrogate, Scarborough, Redcar, Thornaby-on-Tee, Acomb, Ingleby Barwick, Yarm-on-Tees, Selby and Guisborough

Total Population: 1,072,600

In the east: Kingston upon Hull, Bridlington, Beverley, Goole, Cottingham, Hessle, Driffield, Elloughton-cum-Brough, Anlaby and Hornsea

Population: 590,800

In the south: Sheffield, Doncaster, Rotherham, Barnsley, Wath upon Dearne, Bentley, Wombwell, Chapeltown, Dinnington and Adwick le Street

Population: 1,343,900

In the west: Leeds, Bradford,Huddersfield, Wakefield, Halifax, Batley, Dewsbury, Keighley, Brighouse and Pudsey

Population: 2,227,400

Further details on Government in Yorkshire at: https://www.yorkshirenetwork.co.uk/yorkshire/government-in-yorkshire/

 

ENTERPRISES AND ECONOMY

Enterprises

Local Authority Enterprises Local Units Population Enterprises Per 1000 Heads Per Enterprise
Leeds 26,310 32,605 509,000 51.7 19.3
Bradford 15,040 17,620 329,700 45.6 21.9
Kirklees 14,270 16,375 273,200 52.2 19.1
Wakefield 9,150 11,510 209,600 43.7 22.9
Calderdale 7,925 9,115 130,500 60.7 16.5
West Yorkshire 46,385 54,620 943,000 50.8 20.0
           
Sheffield 15,125 18,560 374,400 40.4 24.8
Doncaster 9,195 11,315 190,600 48.2 20.7
Rotherham 6,810 8,495 161,200 42.2 23.7
Barnsley 6,045 7,230 150,400 40.2 24.9
South Yorkshire 37,175 45,600 876,600 42.8 23.5
           
Harrogate 8,985 10,300 93,600 96.0 10.4
Hambleton 5,320 6,095 53,100 100.2 10.0
Scarborough 4,155 5,060 62,900 66.1 15.1
Selby 3,675 4,190 53,500 68.7 14.6
Ryedale 3,555 3,965 31,000 114.7 8.7
Craven 3,425 3,905 32,500 105.4 9.5
Richmondshire 2,730 3,135 33,000 82.7 12.1
North Yorkshire 17,540 20,255 212,900 90.5 11.5
           
East Riding of Yorkshire UA 13,590 15,480 199,200 68.2 14.7
Kingston upon Hull 5,815 8,195 170,900 34.0 29.4
East Yorkshire 39,675 47,065 616,000 51.1 22.0
           
York 6,865 8,790 137,300 50.0 20.0
           
Yorkshire and Humber Total 147,640 176,330 2,785,800 57.0 19.4

Source: Office for National Statistics, October 2016

Information from: https://www.yorkshirenetwork.co.uk/yorkshire/enterprises-in-yorkshire/

 

Economy

Yorkshire has a mixed economy. The City of Leeds is Yorkshire’s largest city and is the main centre of trade and commerce. Leeds is one of the UK’s larger financial centres. Leeds’ traditional industries were mixed; service-based industries, textile manufacturing and coal mining being examples.

Bradford, Halifax, Keighley and Huddersfield once were centres of wool milling. Sheffield once had heavy industries, such as coal mining and the steel industry. Since the decline of such industries, Sheffield has attracted tertiary and administrative businesses including more retail trade; Meadowhall being an example. However, while Sheffield’s heavy industry has declined, the region has reinvented itself as a centre for specialist engineering.

Making Army shells during World War One at a Sheffield steel factory

North Yorkshire has an established tourist industry with the two national parks, Harrogate, York and Scarborough and such an industry is growing in Leeds.

Kingston upon Hull is Yorkshire’s largest port and has a large manufacturing base, its fishing industry has, however, declined in recent years. Harrogate and Knaresborough both have small legal and financial sectors. Harrogate is a European conference and exhibition destination with both the Great Yorkshire Showground and Harrogate International Centre in the town.

Coal mining was prolific in the south of the county during the 19th century and for most of the 20th century, particularly around Barnsley and Wakefield. As late as the 1970s, the number of miners working in the area was still in six figures. The industry was placed under threat on March 6, 1984 when the National Coal Board announced the closure of 20 pits nationally (some of them in South Yorkshire). By March 2004, a mere three pits remained open in the area. Three years later, the only remaining coal pit in the region was Maltby Colliery near Rotherham.

Business in Yorkshire spans many different industries and has produced many large British companies that are now recognised globally. These include; Morrisons (Bradford), Asda (Leeds), Jet2.com (Leeds), Ronseal (Sheffield), Optare (Leeds), Wharfedale (Leeds), Plaxton (Scarborough), Seven Seas (Hull), Halifax Bank (Halifax), Rank Organisation (Hull), Yorkshire Bank (Leeds), Yorkshire Building Society (Bradford), Ebuyer (Howden), GHD (Leeds), Marks & Spencer (Leeds), Burtons (Leeds), Jaeger (Ilkley), Magnet Kitchens (Keighley), Reckitt and Sons (Hull), McCains (Scarborough), First Direct (Leeds), Tetley’s Brewery (Leeds), Timothy Taylor Brewery (Keighley), Skipton Building Society (Skipton), Bettys and Taylors Group of Harrogate and Provident Financial (Bradford.)

Bettys tea rooms, Harrogate       Picture: Harry Wood

Details of the top 250 businesses at: https://www.yorkshirenetwork.co.uk/yorkshire/top-250-businesses/

 

SOME OF THE ICONS OF YORKSHIRE

 

Arts

Barbara Taylor Bradford, author, Leeds

Sir Malcolm Bradbury, author and academic, Sheffield

John Braine, novelist, Bradford

The Brontë Sisters, Charlotte, Emily and Anne – writers, Thornton

The Bronte Sisters

Branwell Brontë, painter and writer, Thornton

Edward Keble Chatterton, maritime writer, Sheffield

Gertrude Spurr Cutts, painter, Scarborough

Kenneth Draper, sculptor and artist, Killamarsh

Kenneth Draper

Andrea Dunbar, playwright, Bradford

John Elderfield, art curator, Yorkshire

Helen Fielding, author, Morley

Victoria Glendinning, writer, critic and broadcaster, Sheffield

John Atkinson Grimshaw, painter, Leeds

The Broomielaw, Glasgow by John Atkinson Grimshaw

David Hockney, artist, Bradford

Roger Hargreaves, writer, Cleckheaton

Barbara Hepworth, painter and sculptor, Wakefield

Barbara Hepworth

Ted Hughes, poet laureate, Mytholmroyd

Bernard Knox, classicist, and critic, Bradford

Andrew Marvell, poet, Winestead-in-Holderness

Nathaniel Mellors, artist and musician, Doncaster

Ian McMillan, poet, Darfield

Ian McMillan      Picture: Steve Bowbrick

Henry Moore, sculptor,  Castleford

Julie O’Neill, author, Yorkshire

John Pass, poet and teacher, Sheffield

J.B.Priestly, writer and broadcaster, Bradford

J.B.Priestley

Chris Scott, author, Kingston upon Hull

Dame Edith Sitwell, poet and critic, Scarborough

Sir Osbert Sitwell, author and poet, Scarborough

Sir Sacheverell Sitwell, baronet, author, poet and art critic, Scarborough

Robert Swindells, author, Bradford

Robert Thompson, carpenter, Kilburn

Picture: Robert Thompson’s

 

Business and Commerce

Terry Bramall, civil engineer, housebuilding group chairman and philanthropist, Yorkshire

Sir David Brown, entrepreneur and industrialist, Huddersfield

George W.Buckley, businessman, Sheffield

Phil Burgan, founder Maria Mallaband Care Group, Sheffield

Rick Dickinson, industrial designer, Leeds

Rick Dickinson

Samson Fox, engineer, industrialist and philanthropist, Bradford

Eddie and Malcolm Healey, entrepreneurs and Meadowhall developers, Kingston upon Hull

Dean Hoyle, retail entrepreneur and football club chairman, Heckmondwike

Baron Graham Kirkham, retail chief executive, Doncaster

Sir Ken Morrison, chairman store chain, Bradford

Sir Titus Salt, manufacturer, politician, and philanthropist, Morley

Sir Titus Salt

Peter Stringfellow, businessman and nightclub owner, Sheffield

Paul Sykes, businessman, political donor, and philanthropist, from Barnsley

Jack Tordoff, car dealership chairman, Bradford

Sir Malcolm Walker, retail entrepreneur, Huddersfield

Peter Wilkinson, internet entrepreneur, Harrogate

 

Film, TV and Stage

Mark Addy, actor, York

Mark Addy

John Aldred, film sound engineer, Doncaster

Richard Alexander, actor, and TV presenter, Wibsey

Effie Bancroft, actress and theatre manager, Doncaster

Effie Bancroft

Julian Barratt, actor and comedian, Leeds

Keith Barron, actor, Mexborough

Sean Bean, actor, Sheffield

Sean Bean

Alan Bennett, playright and actor, Leeds

Rodney Bewes, actor, Bingley

Brian Blessed, actor, Mexborough

David Bradley, actor, York

Chuckle Brothers, children’s entertainers, Rotherham

Chuckle Brothers,  Barry (left) and Paul Elliott      Picture: Granny Margaret

Chris Bush, playwright and artistic director, Sheffield

Marti Caine, actress and comedian, Sheffield

Jim Carter, actor, Harrogate

Terence A. Clegg, film producer, Sheffield

Sir Tom Courtenay, actor, Hull

Sir Tom Courtenay     Picture: Georges Biard

Angela Crow, actress, Wharfedale

Paul Daniels, illusionist and TV presenter, South Bank

Michael Denison, actor, Doncaster

Dame Judi Dench, actress, York

Dame Judi Dench       Picture: Caroline Bonarde Ucci

Dynamo, magician, Bradford

Adrian Edmondson, comedian and actor, Bradford

Adrian Edmondson      Picture: Bryan Ledgard

Fred Feast, actor,Scarborough

David Firth, animator, musician, writer, and actor Leeds

Peter Firth, actor, Bradford

Leigh Francis (KeithLemon), actor and comedian, Leeds

James Frain, actor, Leeds

Brian Glover, actor and comedian, Sheffield

Richard Griffiths, actor, Thornaby-on-Tees

Jon Harris, film director, Sheffield

Charlton Heaton, actor, Bridlington

Frankie Howerd, comedian and actor, York

Frankie Howerd        Picture: Allan Warren

Ralph Ineson, actor, Leeds

Gordon Kaye, actor, Huddersfield

Sir Ben Kingsley, actor, Snainton

Charles Laughton, actor and screenwriter, Scarborough

Charles Laughton

George Layton, actor, director and author, Bradford

Kay Mellor, scriptwriter, actress and director, Leeds

Pat Paterson, actress, Bradford

Andrew Lee-Potts, actor, Bradford

Matthew Lewis, actor, Leeds

Sophie Lowe, actress, Sheffield

Sophie Lowe      Picture: Eva Rinaldi

James Mason, actor, Huddersfield

Malcolm McDowell, actor, Leeds

Tony McHale, actor and producer, Bradford

James Roderick Moir (Vic Reeves), comedian actor and artist, Leeds

Julian Ovenden, actor and singer, Sheffield

Michael Palin, comedian and broadcaster, Sheffield

Michael Palin       Picture: Chipps

Judy Parfitt, actress, Sheffield

Dame Diana Rigg, actress, Doncaster

Mark Ryan, actor, Doncaster

Paul Shane, comedian and actor, Thryberg

Jack Shepherd, actor, Doncaster

William Snape, actor, Sheffield

Sir Patrick Stewart, actor, Mirfield

Mollie Sugden, actress, Keighley

Dominic West, actor, Sheffield

Dominic West

Elizabeth White, actress, Rotherham

Jodie Whittaker, actress, Skelmanthorpe

Tom Wilkinson, actor, Wharfedale

Dame Penelope Wilton, actress, Scarborough

Dame Penelope Wilton      Picture: FrankieF

Ernie Wise, entertainer, Leeds

 

Miscellaneous

Alcuin of York, scholar and ecclesiastic

Chris Baines, naturalist, environmentalist, landcscape architect, writer and TV presenter, Sheffield

John Baker, legal historian, Sheffield

Ralph Burton, soldier and Canadian settler, Scarborough

Jeremy Clarkson, TV presenter, Doncaster

Captain James Cook, explorer, Marton

Captain Cook

Geoffrey Dawson, journalist, Skipton

Harry Gration, journalist and TV presenter, Bradford

Amy Green, model, Sheffield

Baroness Brenda Hale,  judge and president of the UK Supreme Court, Richmond

H. L. A. Hart, legal philosopher, teacher and author, Harrogate

Nina Hossain, journalist and TV presenter, Huddersfield

Bill Humble, aviator, Doncaster

Amy Johnson, aviator Kington Upon Hull

Amy Johnson

William Kent, architect, Bridlington

Gabby Logan, gymnast and TV presenter, Leeds

Elizabeth Montagu, social reformer, patron of the arts and literary critic, Yorkshire

Chris Moyles, broadcaster and author, Leeds

Sir Michael Parkinson, journalist and TV presenter, Cudworth

Jeremy Paxman, TV presenter, journalist and author, Leeds

Marco Pierre White, chef. Leeds

Augustus Pitt-Rivers, army officer and archaeologist, Hope Hall, Weatherby

Anita Rani, TV presenter, Bradford

Selina Scott, TV presenter, Scarborough

John Smeaton, civil engineer, Leeds

Thomas Nettleship Staley, bishop, Sheffield

Thomas Nettleship Staley

Smith Wigglesworth, evangelist and faith healer, Menston

John Wycliffe, philosopher and theologian, Hipswell

Hugo Young, journalist, Sheffield

 

Music

Arctic Monkeys, band, Sheffield

Asking Alexandria, band, York

Corinne Bailey Rae, singer-songwriter Leeds

Corinne Bailey Rae      Picture: Ludovic Etienne

Sir Edward Bairstow, organist and composer, Huddersfield

Dame Janet Baker, opera singer, Hatfield

John Barry, composer, York

The Beautiful South, band, Hull

The Beautiful South

Bring Me The Horizon, band, Sheffield

Arthur Brown, singer, Whitby

Melanie Brown, singer, Leeds

Melanie Brown      Picture: CHRIS

Dewey Bunnell, singer-songwriter, Harrogate

Eliza Carthy, folk musician, Scarborough

Tony Christie, singer, Conisbrough

Joe Cocker, singer, Sheffield

Joe Cocker      Picture: Thesupermat

David Coverdale, singer, Saltburn-by-the-Sea

The Cribs, band, Wakefield

Kiki Dee, singer, Bradford

Def Leppard, band, Sheffield

Frederick Delius, composer, Bradford

Frederick Delius

Gang Of Four, band, Leeds

Vin Garbutt, singer, South Bank

Lesley Garrett, singer, Thorne

Gareth Gates, singer, Bradford

Heaven 17, band, Sheffield

The Human League, band, Sheffield

Kaiser Chiefs, band, Leeds

Kaiser Chiefs      Picture: Truk14

Ann Lee, singer-songwriter, Sheffield

Zayn Malik, singer, Bradford

Jane McDonald, singer and TV presenter, Wakefield

John Newman, singer, Settle

Robert Palmer, singer, Batley

Robert Palmer      Picture: Nathan Callahan

Pulp, band, Sheffield

Kate Rusby, singer, Penistone

Indy Sagu, (Inderpal Singh Sagu) record producer, singer and DJ, Bradford

Shed Seven, band, York

Ed Sheeran, singer-songwriter, Hebden Bridge

Ed Sheeran      Picture: Eva Rinaldi

Louis Tomlinson, singer, Doncaster

Kimberley Walsh, singer, model and actress,  Bradford

Chris Wolstenholme, musician, Rotherham

Stuart Zender, musician and song-writer, Sheffield

 

Politics

Herbert Henry Asquith, prime minister,  Morley

Herbert Asquith

Baroness Alice Bacon MP, Normanton

Baroness Betty Boothroyd, Speaker of the House of Commons, Dewsbury

Baroness Betty Boothroyd     Picture: UK Parliament

Baroness Elaine Burton , MP, Scarborough

Charles Frederick Crisp, US Congressman, Sheffield

Guy Fawkes, Gunpowder Plot conspirator, York

Samuel Gillott, lawyer and politician, Sheffield

William Hague, Conservative MP and party leader, Rotherham

William Hague      Picture: Foreign Office

Sir John Hall, prime minister of New Zealand, Kingston upon Hull

George Handley, soldier and American politician, Sheffield

Sir Edward James Harland, shipbuilder and MP, Scarborough

Sir Edward Harland       Picture: By Peter Clarke, English Wikipedia

Sir Robert Michael Marshall, businessman and Junior Industry Minister, Sheffield

Gloria De Piero, journalist and MP, Bradford

William Pickering, Governor of Washington territory, US, York

Sir Dove-Myer Robinson, mayor of Auckland in New Zealand, Sheffield

Sir Henry Kenyon Stephenson, Lord Mayor of Sheffield and MP, Sheffield

William Wilberforce, MPand social campaigner, Kingston upon Hull

William Wilberforce

James Harold Wilson, prime minister, Huddersfield

 

Science and Inventors

Diana Anderson, biomedical-scientist, Bradford

Sir Edward Appleton, physicist Bradford

James Henry Atkinson, ironmonger and mousetrap inventor, Leeds

Sir Donald Bailey, inventor of the Bailey bridge, Rotherham

Sir Donald Bailey

William Bateson, biologist, Whitby

Dr George Birbeck, physician and academic, Settle

John Gatenby Bolton, astronomer, Sheffield

Joseph Bramah, inventor of hydraulic press, Barnsely

Harry Brearley, matallurgist and inventor of stainless steel, Sheffield

Harry Brearley

Henry Briggs, mathematician, Warleywood

Sir George Cayley, aeronautical engineer and designer, Scarborough

Thomas Crapper, plumber and bathroomware developer, Thorne

Thomas Crapper

Charles Fairburn, railway electrical engineer, Bradford

Alfred Fowler, astronomer, Wilsden

John Harrison, horologist and mathematician, Foulby

John Hewitt, zoologist and archaeologist, Dronfield

Sir Fred Hoyle, astronomer and writer, Bingley

Peter Landin, computer scientist, Sheffield

David Mellor, designer and craftsman, Sheffield

David Mellor      Picture: David Mellor Design

Joseph Priestley, physicist and chemist, Birstall

Dr Richard Richardson, botanist and physican, Bradford

John Alan Robinson, philosopher, mathematician, and computer scientist. Halifax

Helen Sharman, astronaut and chemist, Sheffield

Helen Sharman

Abraham Sharp, mathematician, Bradford

Percy Shaw, inventor of cat’s eye roadstuds, Halifax

George William Lamplugh, geologist and geographer, Driffield

John Obadiah Westwood, entomologist and archaeologist , Sheffield

 

Products and Brands

Asda, supermarket chain, Leeds

Cat’s Eye, roadstuds maker, Halifax

Harry Ramsden, fish and chip shops, Guiseley

Henderson’s Relish, sauce maker, Sheffield

JCT600 Ltd, Bradford

Marks and Spencer,  store chain, Leeds

Morrisons, supermarket chain, Bradford

Pudsey Bear, mascot of Chidren in Need, Pudsey

Rowntree’s, confectioner, York

Rowtree’s factory, York       Picture: Michael Jagger

Stainless Steel, Sheffield

Tetley’s Brewery, Leeds

Thorntons Chocolate, confectioner, Sheffield

Wensleydale Cheese, Wensleydale

Yorkshire Puddings, Yorkshire

Yorkshire Tea, Harrogate

Yorkshire Tea

 

Sport

Nicola Adams, boxer, Leeds

Nicola Adams      Picture: Richard Gillin

Paul Anderson, rugby league player and coach, Castleford

Gordon Banks, footballer, Sheffield

David Batty, footballer, Leeds

Gareth Batty, cricketer, Bradford

Harold Dennis ‘Dickie’ Bird, cricketer and umpire, Barnsley

‘Dickie’ Bird      Picture: Gareth J Dykes

Geoffrey Boycott, cricketer and commentator, Fitzwilliam

Geoffrey Boycott      Picture: sigerson

Alistair Brownlee, athlete, Dewsbury

Alistair Brownlee      Picture: Jim Thurston

Jonathan Brownlee, athlete,  Leeds

Sam Burgess, ruby league player, Dewsbury

Rob Burrow,  rugby league player, Pontefract

Ed Clancy, cyclist, Barnsley

Ed Clancy      Picture: CS-wolves

Hannah Cockroft, athlete and paralympian, Halifax

Katherine Copeland, rower, Ashington

Michael Dawson, footballer, Northallerton

Fabian Delph, footballer, Bradford

Thomas Dobson, rugby union player, rugby league player and sprinter, Bradford

Richard Dunn, boxer, Halifax

Simon Easterby, rugby union player, Harrogate

Dame Jessica Ennis, athlete, Sheffield

Dame Jessica Ennis       Picture: Carfax2

Stuart Fielden, rugby league player, Halifax

Jack Firth, footballer, Doncaster

Darren Gough, cricketer, Barnsley

Naseem Hamed, boxer, Sheffield

Jessica Harrison, athlete, Sheffield

Alan Hinkes,  mountaineer, Northallerton

Sir Leonard Hutton, cricketer, Pudsey

Sir Len Hutton

Innes Ireland, motor racing driver, engineer and writer, Mytholmroyd

Jamie Jones-Buchanan, rugby league player and actor, Leeds

Kevin Keegan, footballer and manager, Doncaster

Aaron Lennon, footballer, Leeds

Aaron Lennon      Picture: Ytoyoda

Stuart McCall, footballer and manager, Leeds

Brian McDermott, rugby league player and coach, Wakefield

James Milner, footballer, Leeds

Nicola Minichiello, bobsledder, Sheffield

Jamie Peacock, rugby league player and manager, Leeds

Jim Laker, cricketer and commentator, Shipley

Leon Pryce, rugby league player, Bradford

Jamie Reeves, wrestler, Sheffield

Jason Robinson, rugby league and rugby union player, Leeds

Joe Root, cricketer, Sheffield

Joe Root      Picture: Airwolfhound

Danny Rose, Doncaster

David Seaman, footballer,  Rotherham

John Stones, footballer, Barnsley

Herbert Sutcliffe, cricketer, Summerbridge

Herbert Sutcliffe

Dame Jane Tomlinson, amateur athlete and charity fundraiser, Wakefield

Fred Trueman, cricketer, Maltby

Jamie Vardy, footballer, Sheffield

Kyle Walker, footballer, Sheffield

Josh Warrington, boxer, Leeds

Julian Watts, footballer and football manager, Sheffield

Howard Webb, football referee, Rotherham

Howard Webb      Picture: Ronnie Macdonald

Dave Whelan, footballer, football club owner and businessman, Bradford

Justin Wilson, racing car driver, Sheffield

Dean Windass, footballer, Kingston upon Hull

Ernest Woodhead, rugby union player, Huddersfield

William Henry ‘Harry’ Wright, baseball player and manager, Sheffield

 

SPORT

Yorkshire offers a whole world of sport. From our strong roots in football across almost every division, to comprising half of the rugby teams in Super League, to a top class cricket team with more than 150 years of history, you’ll find it all here.

The Yorkshire Enterprises Network’s sports platform gives information and history on each major club, as well as streams of their most recent news and links to their websites and social media accounts.

The YEN has produced a ‘Sport in Yorkshire’ video to commemorate and honour the strength and passion shown by our county in football, rugby league, cricket and cycling.

Go to https://www.yorkshirenetwork.co.uk/yorkshire/sport-in-yorkshire/ and click on the respective buttons to visit the pages for football, rugby league, cricket and cycling.

According to the industry.yorkshire.com website, Yorkshire has more racecourses than any other region: Ripon, Catterick, Beverley, Thirsk, Pontefract, Wetherby, York, Redcar and Doncaster

 

ATTRACTIONS

According to Visit Britain, the 10 most visited free attractions in Yorkshire in 2016 were:

1 Museums Sheffield: Millennium Gallery Museums & Art Galleries with 776,977 visitors; 2 National Railway Museum Museums & Art Galleries with 733,266; Yorkshire Sculpture Park Museums & Art Galleries with 523,921; 4 National Media Museum Museums & Art Galleries with 415,891; 5 Cannon Hall Museum, Park and Gardens Museums & Art Galleries with 406,786; 6 Sheffield Botanical Gardens Gardens with 300,000; Leeds City Museum Museums & Art Galleries with 280,823; 8 Kirkstall Abbey Museums & Art Galleries with 233,816; 9 Museums Sheffield: Weston Park Museums & Art Galleries with  231,096; 10 The Hepworth Wakefield Museums & Art Galleries  210,275.

 

And the most visited paid-for attractions were:

1 Flamingo Land Theme Park and Zoo Leisure 1,610,556; 2 York Minster 610,159; 3 Scarborough Cliff Railway Railways 470,000; 4 The Deep Wildlife 427,027; 5 RHS Garden Harlow Carr Gardens 416,288; 6 Fountains Abbey 409,159; 7 Lotherton Hall & Gardens Museums & Art Galleries 384,149; 8 Tropical World at Roundhay Park 356,793; 9 Eureka! The National Children’s Museum Museums & Art Galleries 289,898; 10 York Castle Museum Museums & Art Galleries 275,156.

 

YORKSHIRE LINKS

The Yorkshire Ridings Society ‘works to preserve the integrity of Yorkshire’. See its website at http://www.yorkshireridings.org/  and on facebook at https://www.facebook.com/propercounty/

Championing Yorkshire tourism is the boast of Welcome to Yorkshire, website at https://www.yorkshire.com/

The Tourism Association for North Yorkshire at http://www.visityorkshire.com/

The Yorkshire Dales National Park Authority is ‘here to conserve and enhance the National Park and to help others to share in and enjoy it’. Website at http://www.yorkshiredales.org.uk/

The North York Moors National Park Authority is responsible for ‘a special place, forged by nature, shaped over generations – where peace and beauty rub shoulders with a rich history and a warm welcome’. Website at  http://www.northyorkmoors.org.uk/

 

YORKSHIRE IN THE NEWS

May 22, 2018

The Craven Herald reported: “The 2018 Welcome to Yorkshire garden, inspired by the iconic Yorkshire Dales, has been awarded the highest honour at this year’s RHS Chelsea Flower Show.”

http://www.cravenherald.co.uk/news/16241345.GALLERY__Yorkshire_Dales-inspired_garden_wins_top_honour_at_Chelsea_Flower_Show/

 

May 18, 2018

The Yorkshire Post reported on the completion of the 10-year restoration of the 600-year-old, stained-glass Great East Window at York Minster. “Yet, as work begins on the next phase of improvements to an iconic building that is a symbol of Christianity, and Yorkshire, it’s a reminder that this country must continue to invest in those traditional skills that are key to maintaining the country’s national heritage for centuries to come.”

https://www.yorkshirepost.co.uk/news/opinion/the-yorkshire-post-says-a-window-of-hope-milestone-in-york-minster-restoration-1-9169728

May 10, 2018

The Yorkshire Post

Six years is a long time to go between pints, so the news that Tetley’s beer is once again to be brewed in Leeds will bring three hearty cheers to tap rooms across the county. https://www.yorkshirepost.co.uk/our-region/west-yorkshire-and-the-dales/leeds/raising-a-glass-to-the-welcome-return-of-tetley-to-its-leeds-heartland-1-9157470

 

May 9, 2018

The Guardian

Incredible Edible: Yorkshire town’s food-growing scheme takes root worldwide. when two women began turning disused verges in the former mill town of Todmorden into free food plots, little did they realise they would inspire a global movement of growers. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/may/09/incredible-edible-yorkshire-towns-food-growing-scheme-takes-root-worldwide

i newspaper

Calderland – A “folk opera” that celebrates the response of the local community in Calder Valley to the devastating Boxing Day floods which hit the Yorkshire region in 2015 has won a prestigious classical music award. https://inews.co.uk/news/calderland

 

May 8, 2018

Cycling Weekly

As was a feature of the entire race, the huge crowds packed the sides of the road to watch the action unfold in a sort-out of the general classification, where Olympic champion Van Avermaet laid the groundwork for his eventual overall victory.
http://www.cyclingweekly.com/news/racing/five-talking-points-from-the-2018-tour-de-yorkshire-379000#dqm0aGW15srsQDCu.99

 

April 25, 2018

Yorkshire Party Deputy Leader Chris Whitwood applauds Doncaster Council’s plan to save what remains of the old girls’ grammar school building. Despite criticising the scheme’s design, Chris writes in The Yorkshire Post: “Nevertheless, it hopefully represents an important policy change from neglecting architectural heritage to a desire to revive it.”

 

April 3, 2018

On the 325th anniversary of John Harrison’s birth this article by Joe Sommerlad in the Independent newspaper tells how a self-taught Yorkshire clockmaker revolutionised naval navigation.

 

April 1, 2018

In a series called Jones the Planner, exploring architecture, urban design and planning issues, town planner/urban designer Adrian Jones and presenter  Chris Matthews, a local historian and graphic designer, look at Halifax,Hebden Bridge and Todmorden.